人教初三重点短语与句型总结

发布时间:2019-09-18   来源:未知    
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  初三啦!大家是不是已经有紧迫感了呢?中考转瞬而至,切勿浪费每分每秒。初三英语也要根据老师的节奏,努力跟上。那些重要的单词、短语与句子也要记住哦!下面就一起来看看人教版初中三年级教材中的重点短语与句型吧!

  Unit 1 How can we become good learners?

  【重点短语】

  1. have conversation with sb 同某人谈话

  2. too ... to ... 太……而不能

  3. the secret to ... ……的秘诀

  4. be afraid of doing sth / be afraid to do sth 害怕做某事

  5. look up 查阅

  6. repeat out loud 大声跟读

  7. make mistakes in 在……方面犯错误

  8. connect ... with ... 把……和……连接/联系起来

  9. get bored 感到厌烦

  10. be stressed out 焦虑不安的

  11. pay attention to 注意;关注

  12. depend on 取决于;依靠

  13. the ability to do sth 做某事的能力

  14. take notes 做笔记,做记录

  15. make up 组成、构成

  【重点句型】

  1. What / how about + doing sth? 做……怎么样?

  2. Why don't you go shopping?

  你为什么不去购物?

  3. I'm too tired to say anything.

  我太累了,什么都不想说。

  4. I like milk very much, but I don't like coffee at all.

  我非常喜欢牛奶,但是我一点也不喜欢咖啡。

  5. The party ended up singing.

  晚会以唱歌而结束。

  6. The party ended up with her singing.

  晚会以她的歌唱而告终。

  7. I often make mistakes.

  我经常犯错。

  8. Don't laugh at me!

  不要取笑我!

  9. He enjoyed himself.

  他过得愉快。

  10. She is one of the most popular teachers.

  她是最受欢迎的教师之一。

  11. It's difficult or me to study English.

  对于我来说学习英语太难了。

  12. She often practice speaking English.

  她经常练习说英语。

  13. Li Lei has decided to go to Beijing.

  李雷已经决定去北京。

  14. You will fail unless you work hard.

  假如你不努力你就会失败。

  15. I dealt with a lot of problem.

  我解决过很多问题。

  16. Mother worried about his son just now.

  妈妈刚才担心他的儿子。

  17. The boys regarded Anna as a fool.

  这些男孩把安娜看成傻瓜。

  Unit 2 I think that moon cakes are delicious!

  【重点短语】

  1. the Lantern Festival 元宵节

  2. the Dragon Boat Festival 端午节

  3. the Water Festival 泼水节

  4. be fun to watch 看着很有意思

  5. eat five meals a day 一天吃五餐

  6. put on five pounds 体重增加了五磅

  7. in two weeks 两星期之后

  8. be similar to ... 与……相似

  17. end up 最终成为;最后处于

  18. share sth with sb与……分享……

  19. as a result 结果

  20. dress up 乔装打扮

  21. haunted house 鬼屋

  22. call out 大声呼喊

  23. remind sb of 使某人想起

  24. sound like 听起来像

  25. treat sb with. 用 / 以……对待某人

  26. the beginning of new life 新生命的开始

  【重点句型】

  1. What + a(n) + 形容词 + 可数名词的单数形式+主语+谓语+其他)!

  多么……的……!

  2. How + 形容词 / 副词(+主语+谓语+其他)!

  ……多么……!

  3. be going to 将要 / 打算……

  4. in + 时间段 在……后

  5. give sb sth = give sth to sb

  给某人某物;把某物给某人

  6. plan to do sth 计划做某事

  7. refuse to do sth 拒绝做某事

  8. one of + 名词复数形式 ……之一

  Unit 3 Could you please tell me where the restrooms are?

  【重点短语】

  1. used to do sth 过去常常做某事

  2. be afraid of 害怕

  3. from time to time 时常;有时

  4. turn red 变红

  5. take up 开始做,从事,占据(时间、空间)

  6. deal with 对付;应付

  7. not … any more 不再……

  8. tons of attention 很多关注

  9. worry about 担心

  10. be careful 当心

  11. hang out 闲逛

  12. give up 放弃

  13. thank about 考虑

  14. a very small number of ... 极少数的……

  15. be alone 独处

  16. give a speech 做演讲

  【重点句型】

  1. Do you know where is the bank?

  你知道银行在哪儿吗?

  2. Could you tell me how to get to the park?

  请你告诉我怎么才能去公园好吗?

  3. Lily is next to Ann.

  莉莉就在安的旁边。

  4. Lily is between Ann and Tom.

  莉莉就在安和汤姆的之间。

  5. Is that a good place to hang out?

  那是不是一个闲荡的好地方?

  6. He wanted to dress up as Father Christmas.

  他想要打扮成圣诞老人。

  7. That depends on how you did it.

  那取决于你怎样做这件事。

  8. Lily lent me her book.

  = Lily lent her book to me.

  莉莉把她的书借给了我。

  9. I'm sorry to do sth

  对做某事我觉得很抱歉、伤心

  10. He got up early in order to catch the first bus.

  他起早床,是为了赶上首班公共汽车。

  11. He works as hard as we.

  他工作和我们同样努力。

  12. I prefer English.

  我更喜欢英语。

  I prefer sitting / to sit.

  我宁愿坐着。

  I prefer dogs to cats.

  与猫相比我更喜欢狗。

  I prefer walking to sitting.

  我宁愿走路也不愿坐着。

  I prefer to work rather than be free.

  我宁愿工作而不愿闲着。

  Unit 4 I used to be afraid of the dark.

  【重点短语】

  1. be more interested in 对……更感兴趣

  2. on the swim team 游泳队的队员

  3. be terrified of 害怕

  4. gym class 体操课

  5. worry about 担心

  6. all the time 一直,总是

  7. chat with 与……闲聊

  8. hardly ever 几乎从不

  9. walk to school = go to school on foot 步行去上学

  take the bus to school = go to school by bus 乘车去上学

  10. as well as 不仅…而且...

  【重点句型】

  1. He used to play football after school.

  放学后他过去常常踢足球。

  2. I am terrified of the dog.

  我害怕狗。

  I am terrified of speaking.

  我害怕说话。

  3. He spends too much time on clothes.

  他花费太多的时间在衣着上。

  He spend 3 months (in) building the bridge.

  他花费了三个月去建这座桥。

  It takes me a day to read the book.

  读这本书花了我三天时间。

  4. I like to chat with him. 我喜欢和他聊天。

  5. Mother is worried about her son. 妈妈担心他的儿子。

  6. A person took him to the hospital. 一个人把他送到了医院。

  7. I can hardly understand them.

  我几乎不能够明白他们。

  I hardly have time to do it.

  我几乎没有时间去做了。

  8. I have lived in China in the last few years.

  在过去的几年内我在中国住。

  9. The question is when to start.

  问题是什么时候开始。

  10. I don't know where to go.

  我不知道去哪。

  11. She helped me with English.

  她帮助我学英语。

  12. She helped me (to) study English.

  她帮助我学习英语。

  13. I can't afford to buy the car.

  = I can't afford the car.

  我买不起这个辆小车。

  14. She run as fast as she could / can.

  她尽她最快的能力去跑。

  15. His father always take pride in him.

  他的爸爸总是以他而自豪。

  16. You must pay attention to your friend.

  你应该多注意你的朋友。

  17. She is able to do it.

  她能够做到。

  18. My father has given up smoking.

  我爸爸已经放弃吸烟了。

  19. I play tennis no more.

  我不再打网球。

  I don't play tennis any longer.

  我不再打网球。

  20. He is interested in math, but he isn't interested in speaking English.

  他对数学感兴趣,但是他对说英语不感兴趣。

  Unit 5 What are the shirts made of?

  【重点短语】

  1. be made of 由……制造

  2. be made in 在……制造

  3. environmental protection 环境保护

  4. be famous for 以……而著名

  5. be produced in 在……生产

  6. be known for 以……闻名

  7. as far as I know 据我所知

  8. pick by hand 手工采摘

  9. send for 发送

  10. avoid doing sth 避免做某事

  11. everyday things 日用品

  【重点句型】

  1. This skirt is made of silk

  这件裙子是用丝绸制成的。

  Butter is made from milk.

  黄油是从牛奶中提炼出来的。

  2. Our class is made up of six groups.

  我们班是由六个小组组成的。

  3. No matter what I said to her, she still didn’t believe me.

  无论我对她说什么,她仍然不相信我。

  4. The police are trying to find out where the boy got off the train.

  警察正在查找这个男孩是从哪下的火车。

  5. That seems not a bad idea.

  看上去主意不错。

  6. My temperature seems (to be) all right.

  我的体温看上去正常了。

  7. They seem to find the way to the cinema.

  他们似乎找到了去电影院的路了。

  8. It seems that he was late for the train.

  看来他没赶上火车。

  Unit 6 When was it invented?

  【重点短语】

  1. by accident 偶然地;意外地

  2. without doubt 毫无疑问的;的确

  3. by mistake 错误地

  4. look up to 钦佩;仰慕

  5. take place 发生;出现

  6. all of a sudden 突然;猛地

  7. divide ... into ... 把……分成……

  8. the Olympics 奥林匹克运动会

  9. the style of ……的样式

  10. be used for 被用于……

  【重点句型】

  1. Pens are used for writing.

  笔是用来写的。

  2. I took the umbrella by mistake.

  我不小心拿错了雨伞。

  3. I met her by accident at bus stop.

  我在公共汽车站意外地见到了她。

  4. I didn't go to bed until I finished my work.

  我直到完成我的工作才去睡觉。

  5. The leaf fell into the river.

  叶子落入了河里。

  6. She fell down from her bike.

  她从自行车上摔下了。

  7. Six people, including a baby, were hurt.

  6个人包括一个小孩受伤了。

  8. He was born in Canada.

  他在加拿大出生。

  9. Let's divide ourselves into 4 groups.

  让我们分成4组。

  Unit 7 Teenagers should be allowed to choose their own clothes.

  【重点短语】

  1. be allowed to do sth被允许做某事

  allow sb to do sth允许某人做某事

  allow doing sth允许做某事

  2. sixteen-year-olds = sixteen-year-old boys and girls 16岁的孩子们

  3. a part-time job 兼职工作

  4. a driver’s license 驾照

  5. on weekends 在周末

  6. at that age 在那个年龄段

  7. on school nights 在上学期间的晚上

  8. stay up 熬夜

  9. clean up 清扫

  10. fail (in) a test 考试不及格

  11. take the test 参加考试

  12. the other day 前几天

  13. all my classmates 我所有的同学

  14. concentrate on 全神贯注于

  15. be good for 对…...有益

  16. in groups 成群的,按组

  17. get noisy 变得吵闹(系表结构)

  18. learn from 向……学习

  19. at present 目前,现在

  20. have an opportunity to do sth有做……的机会

  【重点句型】

  1. I don’t think twelve-year-olds should be allowed to get their ears pierced.

  我认为不应该允许12岁的孩子穿耳孔。

  2. They talk instead of doing homework.

  他们聊天而不是做作业。

  3. He is allowed to stay up until 11:00 pm.

  允许他们熬到晚上11点。

  4. We should be allowed to take time to do things like that more often.

  我们应该被允许更加经常的花些时间多做这类事情。

  5. What school rules do you think should be changed?

  你认为学校的哪些制度应该改一改了?

  6. The two pairs of jeans both look good on me.

  这两条牛仔裤穿在我身上都适合。

  7. The classroom is a real mess.

  教室太脏了。

  8. Should I be allowed to make my own decisions?

  我应该被允许自己做决定吗?

  9. Only then will I have a chance of achieving my dream.

  只有这样我才能实现我的梦想。

  10. They should be allowed to practice their hobbies as much a s they want.

  应该允许他们对业余爱好想练多长时间就练多长时间。

  11. We have nothing against running.

  我们没有理由反对他跑步。

  Unit 8 It must belong to Carla.

  【重点短语】

  1. be long to 属于

  2. listen to classical music 听古典音乐

  3. at school 上学;求学

  4. go to the concert 去听音乐会

  5. have any / some idea 知道

  6. a math test on algebra 有关代数的数学考试

  7. the final exam 期末考试

  8. because of 因为

  9. a present for his mother 送给她妈妈的礼物

  10. run for exercise 跑步锻炼

  【重点句型】

  1. If you have any idea where might be please call me.

  如果你知道它可能在哪,请打电话给我。

  2. It’s crucial that I study for it because it counts 30% to the final exam.

  关键是我必须学,因为它占期末考试的30%。

  3. What do you think “anxious“ means?

  你认为“anxious”是什么意思?

  4. He could be running for exercise.

  他可能是正在跑步锻炼身体。

  5. He might be running to catch a bus.

  他可能是正在跑着赶公共汽车。

  6. Why do you think the man is running?

  你觉得那个男的为什么跑?

  Unit 9 I like music that I can dance to.

  【重点短语】

  1. expect to do sth期望做某事

  expect sb to do sth 期望某人做某事

  2. catch up with 追上,赶上

  3. different kinds of music 各种不同的音乐

  4. quiet and gentle songs 轻柔的歌曲

  5. take … to … 带……到……

  6. remind … of … 使某人想起或意识到……

  7. her own songs 她自己的歌曲

  8. be important to 对 ……重要

  9. Yellow River 黄河

  10. Hong Tao’s latest movie 洪涛最近的电影

  11. over the years 多年来

  12. be sure to do sth务必 / 一定做某事

  13. one of the best known Chinese photographers 世界上最有名的中国摄影家之一

  14. on display 展览,展出

  15. come and go 来来往往

  16. can’t stand 不能忍受

  【重点句型】

  1. I love singers who write their own music.

  我喜欢自己创作曲子的歌手。

  2. We prefer music that has great lyrics.

  我们更喜欢歌词很棒的音乐。

  3. What do you dislike about this CD.

  你不喜欢这张CD的什么?

  4. What does it remind you of?

  它使你想起了什么?

  5. The music reminds me of Brazilian dance music.

  这首曲子使我想起了巴西舞曲。

  6. It does have a few good features, though.

  但它的确也有一些好的方面。

  7. She really has something for everyone.

  每个人都能从她的作品中领悟到一些东西。

  8. Whatever you do, don’t miss this exhibition.

  无论如何你都不能错过这个展览会。

  9. As the name suggests, the band has a lot of energy.

  正如乐队名字所暗示的那样,这支乐队很有活力。

  10. Some people say they are boring, but others say they are great.

  有些人说他们很无聊,但也有人说他们很伟大。

  11. If I were you, I’d eat nuts instead.

  如果我是你,我会改吃坚果。

  Unit 10 You're supposed to shake hands.

  【重点短语】

  1. be supposed to do 被期望 / 应该做…….

  2. shake hands 握手

  3. for the first time 第一次

  4. table manners 餐桌礼仪

  5. drop by 偶然拜访,顺便拜访

  6. after all 毕竟,终究

  7. be on time 准时

  8. (in) the wrong way 以错误的方式

  9. be relaxed about 对……比较随意 / 放松

  10. a bit 一点

  【重点句型】

  1. He should have told me about it.

  他本应该把这件事告诉我。

  2. Where I’m from, we’re pretty relaxed about time.

  我所在的地方,对时间是相当宽松的。

  3. We often just drop by our friends’ homes.

  我们时常去朋友家拜访。

  4. Often we just walk around the town center, seeing as many of our friends as we can.

  我们经常走遍市中心,看尽可能多的朋友。

  5. We usually make plans to see friends.

  通常我们都是计划好去拜访朋友的。

  6. We’re the land of watches, after all.

  毕竟我们是钟表之乡。

  7. It’s even better than I thought it would be.

  事情比我想象的要好得多。

  8. They go out of their way to make me feel at home.

  他们花尽心血让我感觉不到拘束。

  9. Although I still make lots of mistakes, it doesn’t bother me like it used to.

  尽管我仍然会出一些错,但它再也不像过去那样影响我。

  10. I thought that was pretty strange at first, but now I’m used to it.

  一开始我觉得那太奇怪了,但是现在我已经习惯了。

  11. I have to say I find it difficult to remember everything, but I’m gradually getting used to things, and don’t find them so strange any more.

  不得不承认,我发现记住一切东西是很困难的,但我渐渐习惯了,并且发现他们也不再那么奇怪了。

  Unit 11 Sad movies make me cry.

  【重点短语】

  1. make me sleepy 使我困倦

  2. drive sb crazy 使……发疯

  3. the more ..., the more ... 越……越……

  4. yes and no 好坏参半

  5. be friends with sb是某人的朋友

  6. feel left out 感觉被忽视

  7. sleep badly 睡眠很差

  8. don’t feel like eating 不想吃东西

  9. for no reason 毫无理由

  10. neither ... nor ... 既不……也不……

  11. let ... down 使……失望

  12. take one’s position 替代我的职位

  13. to start with 起初

  14. get the exam result back 取考试成绩单

  15. find out 发现

  16. a shirt of a happy person 一件快乐人的衬衫

  【重点句型】

  1.—I’d rather go to Blue Ocean because I like to listen to quiet music while I’m eating.我更愿意到蓝海餐厅,因为我喜欢在吃饭时听轻音乐。

  —But that music make me sleepy. 但那种音乐使我困倦。

  2. Waiting for Amy drove Tina crazy.

  等艾米使蒂娜发狂。

  3. The movie was so sad that it made Tina and Amy cry.

  这部电影是如此悲伤以致蒂娜和艾米都哭了。

  4. Sad movies don’t make John cry. They just make him want to leave quickly.

  悲伤的电影没有让约翰哭,他们只能使他想尽快离开。

  5. Loud music makes me nervous. 吵闹的音乐使我紧张。

  6. Soft and quiet music makes me relax.

  轻柔的音乐使我放松。

  7. Money and fame don’t always make people happy.

  金钱和名誉并不总能使人幸福。

  8. She said that the sad movie made her cry.

  她说悲伤的电影使她哭泣。

  Unit 12 Life is full of the unexpected.

  【重点短语】

  1. take a shower 淋浴

  2. leave my backpack at home 把背包忘在家里

  3. get back to school 返回学校

  4. start teaching 开始教学

  5. go off 响铃

  6. rush out the door 冲出房门

  7. give sb a lift 捎某人一程

  8. miss both events 错过两个事件

  9. be about to do sth 正要做某事

  10. stare in disbelief at 难以置信地盯着

  11. raise above the burning building 从正在燃烧的楼上升起

  12. jump out of bed 跳下床

  13. collect the math homework 收数学作业

  14. show up 赶到,出现

  【重点句型】

  1. By the time I got up, my brother had already gotten in the shower.

  当我起床时,我哥哥已经进了浴室了。

  2. By the time I got outside, the bus had already gone.

  当我出来时,公汽已经走了。

  3. When I got to school, I realized I had left my backpack at home.

  当我到达学校时,我才意识到我把背包忘在家里了。

  4. By the time I walked into class, the teacher had started teaching already.

  当我走进教室时,老师已经开始讲课了。

  5. By the time I arrived at the party, everyone else had already showed up.

  当我到达晚会时,其他的每个人都已经到了。

  6. When he put the noodles into the bowl, he realized he had forgotten to add the green beans.

  当他把面条放进碗里时,他意识到他忘了添加绿豆荚了。

  7. Before she got a chance to say goodbye, he had gone into the building.

  在她得到一个向他告别的机会之前,他已经进入楼房了。

  Unit 13 We're trying to save the earth!

  【重点短语】

  1. at the bottom of the river 在河床底部

  2. be full of the rubbish 充满了垃圾

  3. throw litter into the river 把垃圾扔入河中

  4. play a part in cleaning it up 尽一份力把它清理干净

  5. land pollution 土地污染

  6. fill the air with black smoke 使空气中充满了黑烟

  7. cut down air pollution 减少空气污染

  8. make a difference 产生影响

  17. take action 采取行动

  18. turn off 关掉

  19. pay for 付费

  20. add up 累加

  21. use public transportation 使用公共交通

  22. recycle books and paper 回收书和废纸

  23. use paper napkins 使用纸巾

  24. turn off the shower关掉喷头

  25. ride in cars开车出行

  【重点句型】

  1. Even the bottom of the river was full of rubbish.

  甚至河底都充满垃圾。

  2. Everyone in town should play a part in cleaning it up.

  城里的每个人都应当尽一份力把它清理干净。

  3. The air is badly polluted because there are too many cars on the road these days.

  空气被严重污染因为如今路上的汽车太多了。

  4. To cut down air pollution, we should take the bus or subway instead of driving.

  为了减少空气污染,我们应当乘坐公汽或地铁而不是开车。

  5. I used to be able to see stars in the sky.

  我过去能在天空中看到星星。

  6. The air has become really polluted around here. I’m getting very worried.

  这儿的空气真的已经被污染了,我非常担心。

  7. No scientific studies have shown that shark fins are good for health.

  没有科学研究说明鱼鳍对人们的健康有好处。

  Unit 14 I remember meeting all of you in Grade 7.

  【重点短语】

  1. win a prize 获奖

  2. do a school survey 做一个学校调查

  3. meet the standard of a strict teacher 满足一位要求严格的老师的要求

  4. meet this group of friends 遇到这群朋友

  5. score two goals in a row 连续踢进两个球

  6. learn to play the keyboard 学会弹钢琴

  7. be patient with sb 对……有耐心

  8. work out the answer yourself 自己找出答案

  9. guide sb to do sth 指导某人做某事

  10. put in more effort 更加努力

  11. look back at 回首

  12. pride of overcoming fear 克服恐惧感的自豪

  13. make a great big mess 弄得一团糟

  14. keep my cool 保持我的清高

  15. try to be on time for morning reading 尽力赶上早读

  16. look forward to doing sth 期望做某事

  17. join the school swim team 加入学校游泳队

  18. get a business degree 取得一个商业学位

  【重点句型】

  1. —What happened in Grade 7 that was special? 在七年级时发什么了什么特别的事?

  —Our team won the school basketball competition. 我们队赢了学校的篮球比赛。

  2. —How have you changed since you started junior high school? 你上中学后有什么变化?

  —I've become much better at speaking English. 我在说英语上比以前更好。

  3. —How do you think things will be different in senior high school? 你认为在高中会有什么不同?

  —I think that I'll have to study much harder for exams. 我想我将更加为考试努力学习。

  4. —What are your plans for next year? 你明年的计划是什么?

  —I'm going to join the school volleyball team. 我将加入学校排球队。

  5. —What do you remember about Grade 8. 关于八年级你记得什么?

  —I remember being a volunteer. 我记得当一名志愿者。

  6. —What do you use to do that you don't do now? 你以前做而现在不做的事是什么?

  —I used to take dance lessons, but I don't anymore. 我以前上舞蹈课,但现在不上了。

  7.—What are you looking forward to? 你期望做什么?

  —I'm looking forward to going to senior high school. 我期望上高中。

  教材是基础,教材的编排都是经过反复论证过的。所以教材中的内容大家一定要学透,不要小看它们哦!考试也是基于教材的内容拓展的,想要提高自身成绩,这些都是不可忽视的。小编建议大家在初中阶段打好英语的基础。

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